Heavy and unprecedented monsoon season/rains since early July has caused wide scale flooding and flash floods in 116 districts of Pakistan out of which 72 districts are calamity notified. The floods have affected over 33 million of population and resulted in damages to livelihoods and infrastructure across Pakistan. According to the Situation Reports by National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), the monsoon rains and floods have resulted in loss of 1,061 lives and injuries to 1,575 persons across Pakistan and displacing tens of thousands of people.
Flood waters have also damaged over 700,000 houses with over 300,000 houses fully damaged. Over a million acre of agriculture lands have been affected with crop damage and losses of agriculture produce. The floods have caused damages to houses, roads, bridges and other public infrastructure. As far as infrastructure is concerned Sindh is the most severely affected province, followed by Balochistan. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab provinces have also been significantly affected. The figures for flood damages are daily updated by NDMA on its website
Assessment of Communal Infrastructure: AKRSP carried out damage assessment of community-based infrastructure schemes in the six districts of Gilgit-Baltistan and Chitral namely Gilgit, Ghizer, Hunza, Skardu, Lower Chitral and Upper Chitral. Types of Schemes assessed included – irrigation schemes, water supply schemes, land terracing, green houses, link roads, micro hydel power projects, protective spur, and suspension and foot bridges.
The rapid assessment revealed that a total of 112 schemes were damaged by the rains and floods and were in need of rehabilitation. A total of over 17,600 households are affected by these damaged schemes. AKRSP also carried out cost estimation for rehabilitation of these schemes. A total of PKR 79 million is required for reconstruction/rehabilitation of the schemes.
Heavy monsoon rainfall has affected all districts across Sindh, causing floods and flash floods that resulted in casualties and infrastructure damage across various districts of Sindh. The unprecedented spells of monsoon have led to the collapse of Bandhs/Canals/Branches collapsed/breaches and the floodwater wiped out cattle, crops, and farmlands in the affected areas severely impacting livelihood of local communities in addition to infrastructure damages.
SRSO carried out rapid vulnerability assessment in eight worst affected districts of Sindh namely Umerkot, Sanghar, Mirpurkhas, Khairpur, Sukkur, Ghotki, Badin and Thatta. The finding of damage assessment revealed:
Immediate Needs: based on the damage/vulnerability assessment, the immediate needs of the affected population include food items and ration, shelter – tents and NFIs to affected households, water purification kits – chlorine tablets, construction of new and rehabilitation of damaged WASH facilities, hygiene kits, mosquito kits, medical assistance through emergency treatment camps, treatment and vaccination for livestock to reduce potential risks of disease outbreak and to protect their livelihood sources. It is pertinent to mention here that assessment is currently on-going in view of the recent heavy spell of rains and assessment will be further updated.
NRSP also carried out a rapid damage assessment of approx. 100,000 households (0.67 million population) in its 149 affected UCs in 10 programme districts that had been severely affected by floods from Punjab (Mianwali, D.G. Khan, Rajanpur), Sindh (Thatta and Sujawal), Balochistan (Kech, Panjgur, Lasbela, Awaran) and Azad Jammu Kashmir (Poonch) provinces.
Immediate Needs: based on the assessment the immediate needs of the affected population include shelter arrangements, food items, water cans, hygiene kits, NFIs, WASH facilities, medical camps, livestock vaccination and equipment for clearing debris, etc.
Baluchistan has been significantly affected by the rains and floods. Baluchistan Rural Support Programme (BRSP) carried out assessment in 316 villages from 98 union councils of 12 flood affected districts of the province namely Killa Abdullah, Chaman, Pishin, Washuk, Loralai, Quetta, Killa Saifullah, Duki, Zhob, Nasirabad, Kharan and Jaffarabad. The damage assessment revealed the following status and updates:
Immediate Needs: based on the rapid assessment immediate needs identified included shelter, food items, water cans, hygiene kits, NFIs, WASH facilities, medical camps, livestock vaccination and support for land leveling etc.
The recent monsoon rains are creating a havoc in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The daily situation reports issued by the KP’s Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) provide overview of damages in different districts of KP including Karak, Lower Chitral, Mardan, Swabi, Nowshera, Haripur and Hangu. Upper Kohistan and Chitral have been among the most severely affected districts. Flash floods have severely affected road access in mountainous districts due to washing away of roads and bridges. As per NDMA/PDMA reports over 50,000 population has been affected in KP; with 166 casualties and 195 persons injured. A total of 7,276 houses were fully damaged whereas 6,721 were partially damaged. Floods have also caused damage to public sector facilities and washed away / damaged 7 bridges causing problems of access.
SRSP consulted PDMA and local communities on immediate relief and early recovery needs. Based on this SRSP proposes the following flood response.
Immediate Relief Needs are distribution of food and non-food items, shelter/tents, clean drinking water tankers and Jerry Cans for water
Early Recovery Response: once the flood situation returns to normal, communities and government will need assistance for early recovery initiatives such as the following:
It is pertinent to mention here that severity of damage varies across districts; however, majority of the basic/immediate needs are same for every province/RSP. The costing for some interventions has been done while it needs to be worked out for other interventions. Detailed assessment and costing can be carried out once the situation become slightly better for mobility and districts are finalised.
|Balochistan Rural Support Programme
|Sindh Bank Limited
|Jinnah Road Quetta
|SRSO Flood Relief Account
|United Bank Limited
|Minara Road, PO Box No 141, SUKKuR
|NRSP FLOOD RELIEF FUND PAK
|Habib Bank Limited
|CDA Civic, Sector G-6, Melody Market, Islamabad